Fair Use or Copyright Violation?
Judges use four factors to resolve fair use disputes. It’s important to understand that these factors are only guidelines that courts are free to adapt to particular situations on a case‑by‑case basis. In other words, a judge has a great deal of freedom when making a fair use determination, so the outcome in any given case can be hard to predict. - http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/four-factors/
The four factors judges consider are:
What is Fair Use for LUNA Images?
We provide images in LUNA for faculty and students at the College for Creative Studies. You can use these images for any of your class presentations and research. However, once you go to publish or use the images for anything outside of CCS, you may have crossed the copyright line. If you represent CCS at a conference, you must ensure that LUNA images do not find their way onto the open web (SlideShare, etc.). Using LUNA images on websites is prohibited unless they are in the public domain (see Public Domain chart at right). Public Domain generally applies to work created before 1923 but it can get complicated. For publications, you must seek permission from the copyright owner or else face lawsuits and large fines. CCS Visual Resources does not hold copyrights.
"Works in the public domain are those whose intellectual property rights have expired, have been forfeited, or are inapplicable...public domain works can be freely used for derivative works without permission." - wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain
This table is for image and text works. - http://www.unc.edu/~unclng/public-d.htm)
Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. If you’re looking for content that you can freely and legally use, there is a giant pool of CC-licensed material available on the Creative Commons search page. You can search for images, videos, music, web pages, and media directly.
To help you easily identify licenses, Creative Commons uses icons to establish the type of restrictions, or lack thereof, for a work. This is not an exhaustive list, but contains the most frequently used icons. - https://wiki.creativecommons.org/index.php/Frequently_Asked_Questions
Attribution (BY) - give credit, or attribution, to the creator of the work
Non-Commercial (NC) - work cannot be used commercially unless additional consent is obtained
No Derivatives (ND) - use the work as is and do not edit or manipulate and then distribute
Share Alike (SA) - release the new, or derivative work under the same license type
Public Domain (CC0) - freely build upon, edit, share, and transform the work without restriction
No Known Copyright (PDM) - freely build upon, edit, share, and transform the work without restriction; reserved for older works whose copyright expired